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National Symbols of Bhutan


The national flag is half yellow and half red. The upper yellow half signifies the secular power and authority of the king while the lower saffron-orange symbolizes the practice of religion and the power of Buddhism, manifested in the tradition of Drukpa Kagyu.
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Archery is the much loved National Sport of Bhutan. Each village has its own Archery Range, and it is impossible to imagine any festival taking place without a high spirited competition. Contests take place year round. The distance between the two targets is about 120 meters.
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There is a jewel on all sides with two dragons on the vertical sides. The thunderbolts represent the harmony between secular and religious power while the lotus symbolizes purity.
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The national bird is the raven. It adorns the royal crown. The raven represents the deity Gonpo Jarodongchen (raven headed Mahakala), one of the chief guardian deities of Bhutan. Raven is thus known in the local language as 'Jarog'.
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The national animal is the Takin (Dong Gyem Tsey) that is associated with religious history and mythology. The 'Dong Gyem Tsey' or Takin has been diligently chosen as the National Animal of Bhutan because it is very rare mammal with a thick neck and short muscular legs.
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The national flower is the Blue Poppy. Blue Poppy, the National Flower of Bhutan, is known locally as 'Euitgel Metog Hoem'. Its biological name is Meconopsis grandis. It is a delicate blue or purple tinged blossom with a white filament.
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The national tree is the cypress (Cupressustorolusa). Locally, it is known as 'Tsenden'. It is also referred to as Bhutan Cypress or Himalayan Cypress. Bhutanese consider the cypress tree sacred and held it in great reverence. It is found in abundance and one may notice large cypresses near temples and monasteries.
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National Dress

One of the most distinctive features of the Bhutanese is their traditional dress, unique garments that have evolved over thousands of years. Men wear the Gho, a knee-length robe somewhat resembling a kimono that is tied at the waist by a traditional belt known as Kera. The pouch t which forms at the front traditionally was used for carrying food bowls and a small dagger.
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