Located in Southern Bhutan, Samtse Dzongkhag covers an area of 1,582 sq kms and ranges from 600-3,800 meters in altitude. The main crops grown in the region are Oranges, Cardamom, ginger and areca nuts. These cash crops are exported to the nearby Indian state of West Bengal and even to Bangladesh.
Though the main form of employment remains agriculture, there are also agricultural and construction based industries in Samtse.
Minerals like Dolomite and Quartzite are mined at Pugli, providing raw materials for two major cement plants. Agricultural Industries in the area are Samtse's Fruit and Food Products Factory and the Cardboard Factory.
One of the most important facets of the Dzongkhag is the Samtse College of Education. It was started in 1968 and has provided the country with countless valuable teachers. This college is widely considered to be one of Bhutan's premier educational institutions.
With its' hot and humid climate, Samtse has a rich diversity of flora and fauna. One of the more exotic animals found in this district are the local elephants, some of which have been domesticated.